Environmental concerns and green human resource management: A meta-synthesis

Document Type: Descriptions of new methods


1 Department of Management, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Saveh Branch, Saveh, Iran

2 Department of Management, Faculty of Management, University of Tehran, Iran

3 Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Faculty of Management



The concept of green human resource management is presented as a new perspective in environment protection which incorporates environmental management into human resource management. This qualitative study aimed at examining the factors that lead employees to achieve environmental performance in organizations through human resource management. First, a systematic meta-synthesis study was performed to review the literature during 2010-2015, and the desired codes were identified. Then, data were summarized and new components were presented by a focus group composed of informed experts. The amount of support factors identified in the previous studies was assessed and ranked using the Shannon entropy. Results indicate that among the 12 identified factors, training, recruitment, and rewards are the most important ones and play an important role in the implementation of green human resource management.